National Monument or popularly abbreviated as Monas or Tugu Monas is a 132 meter (433 ft) memorial monument that was established to commemorate the resistance and struggle of the Indonesian people to win independence from the Dutch East Indies colonial government.
The construction of this monument began on August 17, 1961 under the order of the president of Sukarno, and was opened to the public on July 12, 1975. This monument was crowned with a flame that was coated with a gold sheet symbolizing the burning spirit of struggle. The National Monument is located right in the middle of Medan Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta.
These monuments and museums are open every day from 08.00 - 15.00 WIB. On Monday the last week of each month is closed to the public The distance from the hostel to Monas is about 15 minutes by car.